Zion National Park
Zion National Park is an American national park located in southwestern Utah near the town of Springdale. A prominent feature of the 229-square-mile (590 km2) park is Zion Canyon, which is 15 miles (24 km) long and up to 2,640 ft (800 m) deep. The canyon walls are reddish and tan-colored Navajo Sandstone eroded by the North Fork of the Virgin River. The lowest point in the park is 3,666 ft (1,117 m) at Coalpits Wash and the highest peak is 8,726 ft (2,660 m) at Horse Ranch Mountain. Located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin, and Mojave Desert regions, the park has a unique geography and a variety of life zones that allow for unusual plant and animal diversity. Numerous plant species as well as 289 species of birds, 75 mammals (including 19 species of bat), and 32 reptiles inhabit the park’s four life zones: desert, riparian, woodland, and coniferous forest. Zion National Park includes mountains, canyons, buttes, mesas, monoliths, rivers, slot canyons, and natural arches.
Human habitation of the area started about 8,000 years ago with small family groups of Native Americans, one of which was the semi-nomadic Basketmaker Ancestral Puebloans (who used to be called Anasazi by early non-indigenous archeologists)(c. 300 CE). Subsequently, what has been called the Virgin Anasazi culture (c. 500) and the Parowan Fremont group developed as the Basketmakers settled in permanent communities. Both groups moved away by 1300 and were replaced by the Parrusits and several other Southern Paiute subtribes. Mormons came into the area in 1858 and settled there in the early 1860s. In 1909, President William Howard Taft named the area Mukuntuweap National Monument in order to protect the canyon. In 1918, the acting director of the newly created National Park Service, Horace Albright, drafted a proposal to enlarge the existing monument and change the park’s name to Zion National Monument, Zion being a term used by the Mormons. According to historian Hal Rothman: “The name change played to a prevalent bias of the time. Many believed that Spanish and Indian names would deter visitors who, if they could not pronounce the name of a place, might not bother to visit it. The new name, Zion, had greater appeal to an ethnocentric audience. ” On November 19, 1919, Congress redesignated the monument as Zion National Park, and the act was signed by President Woodrow Wilson. The Kolob section was proclaimed a separate Zion National Monument in 1937, but was incorporated into the national park in 1956. Congress designated 85% of the park a wilderness area in 2009.
The geology of the Zion and Kolob canyons area includes nine formations that together represent 150 million years of mostly Mesozoic-aged sedimentation. At various periods in that time warm, shallow seas, streams, ponds and lakes, vast deserts, and dry near-shore environments covered the area. Uplift associated with the creation of the Colorado Plateau lifted the region 10,000 feet (3,000 m) starting 13 million years ago.
|Canyon Junction Bridge (6.2 miles)|
Eagle Crag Trailhead (10.4 miles)
Kanarraville Falls (17.9 miles)
Quail Creek State Park (21.6 miles)
Yant Flat (24.8 miles)
|Coral Pink Sand Dunes State Park (24.9 miles)|
Duck Creek Village (25.3 miles)
Cedar Breaks National Monument (25.4 miles)
Pine Valley (27.5 miles)
The Little Hollywood Movie Museum (32.1 miles)
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Zion National Park, Utah
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Prepare to be Mesmerized
Zion is befitting of its name. Until i took this trip (October 2020) i didn’t even know what a switchback was. 😆
Zion is full of them so for a newbie like me, the beauty was a welcome break from my road focus (they’re not bad, i was just nervous).
It is impossible not to be in awe of the sheer size of towering maize and sometines chalky mountainous displays – beckoning you onward as you weave thru the canyon. Luckily there are several scenic pic spots to stop for snaps.
I was surprised by tunnel 2 of the southern most entrance – which is about a mile and a half long – as it had no artificial light of its own. Its “headlights or lights out” thru there and its gradual descent to the floor of the canyon shows you just how vast this place really is.
If you’re a camper or like to bike – this place is for you. I wish i would’ve known of the smooth biking trails at camp sites before i arrived. I barely scratched the surface of the gorgeous hiking and eye-popping views that awaited.
Multiple trips are certainly part of my future after staying nearby at a comfy lodge in Kanab, Utah.
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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “Zion National Park“, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.