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Lake Mead

Lake Mead

Lake Mead on April 19, 2018. Photo by Peter Stringer

Lake Mead is a reservoir formed by the Hoover Dam on the Colorado River in the Southwestern United States. It is located in the states of Nevada and Arizona, 24 mi (39 km) east from Las Vegas Strip. It is the largest reservoir in the United States in terms of water capacity. Formed by the Hoover Dam on September 30, 1935, the reservoir serves water to the states of Arizona, California, and Nevada, as well as some of Mexico, providing sustenance to nearly 20 million people and large areas of farmland. At maximum capacity, Lake Mead is 112 miles (180 km) long, 532 feet (162 m) at its greatest depth, has a surface elevation of 1,221. 4 feet (372. 3 m) above sea level and 247 square miles (640 km2) of surface area, and contains 26. 12 million acre-feet (3. 222×1013 L) of water.

The lake has remained below full capacity since 1983 due to drought and increased water demand. As of 30 June 2021, Lake Mead held 35. 17% of full capacity at 9. 102 million acre-feet (1. 1227×1013 L), dropping below the reservoir's previous all-time low of 9. 328 million acre-feet (1. 1506×1013 L) recorded in July 2016. In a draft 2022 Colorado River annual operating plan released by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, a "Shortage Condition" is expected to be declared for 2022 due to the lake level falling below 1,075 feet (327. 7 m), which will result in a projected 4. 44% curtailment in downstream water delivery.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lake Mead", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.